Prefabricated is becoming the new age choice, the modern preference for the simple reason of their convenience and cost.
Often referred to as Pre-fab Homes, these are modern houses which are built in components and modules. The parts are made off-site and usually assembled on the site in contrast to the traditional homes which are formed on site. These are generally lower in costs and convenient to build or instead assemble.
They are 10% to 20% cheaper than traditional houses and take lesser time for construction. Some of the materials which are used to build these houses are aluminum, fiberglass, steel, wood and concrete. These houses are made of good design high-performance manufacturing units which are moulded and shaped in a controlled environment.
How are prefabricated houses made?
Prefabricated houses are often made in two stages:
- Manufacture of parts at a factory
- Transportation of components and fixing them at the required locations.
Precast Concrete wall panels – The components which are used are precast lightweight concrete wall panels, these are lightweight and these units are casted and hardened before they are being used at the construction sites. Usually, the erection of structures happens easily and quickly if the above technique and process are followed.
PUF Panels – The PUF panels are another essential component of prefab homes; these provide perfect alignment of all panels such as ceiling floors, walls and corner panels. They can be customized to requirements in sizes and dimensions. There are many manufacturers of PUF panels around the country.
H Beams – H-Beams is another essential component in prefab homes; these are H shaped hot steel beams which are fitted to retain and pile structures one over the other.
Porta cabins – The office structures
These days, people also prefer pre-fab offices than the traditional ones, these offices are built similarly and can be reassembled in cases of a location change. These offices have porta cabins which can be customized for designs, specifications as per the requirements. Porta cabins are convenient to move and shift. Porta cabin designs are usually varied, and they can be made to look as professional as desired. Porta cabins are very common in China, Gulf, Arab, Africa, Latin American countries.
Prefab homes – the preferred ones
Prefab homes have many advantages:
- They offer a significant saving in cost, time and effort.
- They are convenient and can be assembled and reassembled easily.
- The biggest advantage is that the construction is not affected by weather conditions and external factors as the manufacturing of components is done in factories.
- Completely customizable
It has a few disadvantages as well:
- Extra caution and care are required to transit the components; it may cause breakage and mishandling.
- Transporting components can be really costly.
- Skilled labour is needed, and in India we lack expertise in this area.
However, while the demand for such homes is increasing with changing trends expertise and skilled manpower will be easily accessible in the times to come. The advantages outweigh the disadvantages.
Luxury Prefab Homes in India
We will be surprised to know that there are manufacturers of luxury prefab homes in India also. In cities like Mumbai and Bangalore, this is a familiar concept. They use the best of the designs, materials and can make them as luxurious as desired.
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